name-reaction-in-hetrocyclic-chemistryThe field of heterocyclic chemistry has long presented a special challenge for chemists. Because of the enormous amount and variety of information, it is often a difficult topic to cover for undergraduate and graduate chemistry students, even in simplified form. Yet the chemistry of heterocyclic compounds and methods for their synthesis form the bedrock of modern medicinal chemical and pharmaceutical research. Thus there is a great need for high quality, up-to-date, and authoritative books on heterocyclic synthesis helpful to both the professional research chemist as well as the advanced student.

Name Reactions in Heterocyclic Chemistry provides a one-stop repository for this important field of organic chemistry. The primary topics include three- and four-membered heterocycles, five-membered heterocycles including indoles, furans, thiophenes, and oxazoles, six-membered heterocycles including quinolines, isoquinolines, and pyrimidines, and other heterocycles.

Each name reaction is summarized in seven sections:

  • Description
  • Historical perspective
  • Mechanism
  • Variations and improvements
  • Synthetic utility
  • Experimental
  • References

Table of Contents


Acronyms and abbreviations.


Chapter 1. Epoxides and Aziridines.

1.1 Corey.Chaykovsky reaction.

1.2 Darzens glycidic ester condensation.

1.3 Hoch.Campbell aziridine synthesis.

1.4 Jacobsen.Katsuki epoxidation.

1.5 Paterno.Bchi reaction.

1.6 Sharpless-Katsuki epoxidation.

1.7 Wenker aziridine synthesis.


Chapter 2. Pyrroles and Pyrrolidines.

2.1 Barton.Zard reaction.

2.2 Knorr and Paal-Knorr pyrrole syntheses.

2.3 Hofmann.L”ffler.Freytag reaction.

Chapter 3. Indoles.

3.1 Bartoli indole synthesis.

3.2 Batcho.Leimgruber indole synthesis.

3.3 Bucherer carbazole synthesis.

3.4 Fischer indole synthesis.

3.5 Gassman indole synthesis.

3.6 Graebe.Ullman carbazole synthesis.

3.7 Hegedus indole synthesis.

3.8 Madelung indole synthesis.

3.9 Nenitzescu indole synthesis.

3.10 Reissert indole synthesis.

Chapter 4. Furans.

4.1 Feist.B‚nary furan synthesis.

4.2 Paal.Knorr furan synthesis.

Chapter 5. Thiophenes.

5.1 Fiesselmann thiophene synthesis.

5.2 Gewald aminothiophene synthesis.

5.3 Hinsberg synthesis of thiophene derivatives.

5.4 Paal thiophene synthesis.

Chapter 6. Oxazoles and Isoxazoles.

6.1 Claisen isoxazole synthesis.

6.2 Cornforth rearrangement.

6.3 Erlenmeyer azlactone synthesis.

6.4 Fischer oxazole synthesis.

6.5 Meyers oxazoline method.

6.6 Robinson.Gabriel synthesis.

6.7 van Leusen Oxazole Synthesis.

Chapter 7. Other Five-Membered Heterocycles.

7.1 Auwers flavone synthesis.

7.2 Bucherer.Bergs reaction.

7.3 Cook.Heilbron 5-amino-thiazole synthesis.

7.4 Hurd.Mori 1,2,3-thiadiazole synthesis.

7.5 Knorr pyrazole synthesis.


Chapter 8. Pyridines.

8.1 Preparation via condensation reactions.

8.1.1 Hantzsch (Dihydro)-pyridine synthesis. Description. Historical perspective. Mechanism. Variations. Guareschi-Thorpe pyridine synthesis. Chichibabin (Tschitschibabin) pyridine synthesis. Bohlmann.Rahtz pyridine synthesis. Kr”hnke pyridine synthesis. Petrenko.Kritschenko piperidone synthesis. Improvements or modifications. Experimental. Three-component coupling. Two-component coupling. References.

8.2 Preparation via cycloaddition reactions.

8.2.1 Boger reaction.

8.3 Preparation via rearrangement reactions.

8.3.1 Boekelheide reaction.

8.3.2 Ciamician-Dennstedt rearrangement.

8.4 Zincke reaction.

Chapter 9. Quinolines and Isoquinolines.

9.1 Bischler.Napieralski reaction.

9.2 Camps quinoline synthesis.

9.3 Combes quinoline synthesis.

9.4 Conrad.Limpach reaction.

9.5 Doebner quinoline synthesis.

9.6 Friedl„nder synthesis.

9.7 Gabriel.Colman rearrangement.

9.8 Gould.Jacobs reaction.

9.9 Knorr quinoline synthesis.

9.10 Meth.Cohn quinoline synthesis.

9.11 Pfitzinger quinoline synthesis.

9.12 Pictet.Gams isoquinoline synthesis.

9.13 Pictet.Hubert reaction.

9.14 Pictet.Spengler isoquinoline synthesis.

9.15 Pomeranz.Fritsch reaction.

9.16 Riehm quinoline synthesis.

9.17 Skraup/Doebner.von Miller reaction.

Chapter 10. Other Six.Membered Heterocycles.

10.1 Algar.Flynn.Oyamada reaction.

10.2 Beirut reaction.

10.3 Biginelli reaction.

10.4 Kostanecki.Robinson reaction.

10.5 Pinner pyrimidine synthesis.

10.6 von Richter cinnoline reaction.

Subject Index.

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